According to the 2016 Human Development Index report (HDI) published on 21 March by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Cameroon is in the category of countries with a low level of human development in the world. The country is indeed ranked 153rd globally, out of 188 countries studied, and gets the 23rd position in Africa.
Presented as the economic engine of the CEMAC zone, Cameroon is however outranked in the 2016 HDI report by three countries in this community, who are all in the category of countries with a medium level of human development. These are Gabon (109th globally and 7th in Africa), Congo (135th in the world and 13th in Africa) and Equatorial Guinea (135th worldwide and 14th in Africa).
Seychelles win the gold medal in Africa in this UNDP ranking, followed by Mauritius, Algeria, Tunisia and Libya, two countries who are however facing many social challenges since the so-called “Arab Spring” period.
Let us recall that HDI is a summary measure of the average level reached in key components of the human development: living a long and healthy life, acquiring knowledge and having from a decent standard of living.
The health/longevity component is evaluated based on the life expectancy at birth; the education dimension is measured through the number of years of schooling for adults aged 25 and over and the expected number of years of schooling for school-aged children. The standard of liv by component is measured by the gross national income per capita. The results for the three HDI component indexes are then aggregated to get a composite index from the geometric mean.